Monthly Archives: December 2015

Once Your Hear This, You Won’t Ever Want To Get Into A Hot Tub Ever Again

Warmer spring days are here, and hopefully summer vacations are on the near horizon. Hot tub season is officially here. (Then of course there’s The Bachelorette starting up soon, which means a summer with lots of steamy moments in the hot tub, if not in real life then at least on reality television.

However, although it might sound relaxing to soak in a hot tub, how hygienic is it really? Can throwing a few chemicals into the tub really do the job? In order to find out, we asked a few experts to help us- Dr. Charles Gerba, professor of environmental studies and microbiology and HLA sequencing at the University of Arizona, and epidemiologist Michele Hlavsa, MPH, RN, who is also the healthy swimming chief at the Centers for Disease Control of Prevention.

You can actually pick up some pretty unappealing and potentially dangerous bugs from taking a dip in a hot tub, from the steamy environment surrounding it in addition to the water itself.

According to Hlavsa, the temperature of the water in a hot tub is warmer than a pool, which makes it harder to maintain the right disinfectant levels for killing some germs. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the common germs. It can result in Pseudomonas folliculitis, which is a type of infection. This is what is known as hot tub rash, which you have probably heard of.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is frequently found in soil and water. When the disinfectant levels in water goes down, it multiplies. However, it doesn’t always disappear again when the disinfectant levels increase again. Hlavsa says that at that point it remains in the water, waiting for the level to decrease once again so that it can multiply. Since people have a tendency to sit inside a hot tub for a fair amount of time, resulting in their skin getting exposed for quite some time to contaminated water.

According to the CDC, frequently the rash will be in the shape of the individual’s bathing suit. Itchy spots can develop into bumpy rashes and also blisters filled with pus around the hair follicles. This symptoms usually appear within a couple of days of being exposed.

Although hot tub rash does usually clear up all on its own without needing to be treated, there is a serious condition that could be potentially fatal that you need to be aware of. It is Legionnaires’ disease, which is a form of pneumonia. The germ Legionella causes this disease. This germ is in water, particularly warm water. It can also be inhaled from the mist or steam that surrounds a hot tub that is contaminated with this germ. Individuals with weakened immune systems, smokers and those over the the age of 50 are especially susceptible. According to Hlavsa, Legionella protects itself in a similar way in the water like Pseudomonas aeruginosa does. It can also cause Pontiac fever, which is a mild, flu-like illness.

According to the most recent report from earlier this year that was released by the CDC, there were 16 outbreaks that related to spas and hot tubs reported in 2009-2010 to the CDC. Out of these total reports, it was confirmed that 25 percent of them were caused by Legionella and 43.8 percent caused by Pseudomonas, or suspected to be.

In addition to pathogens found in water naturally, humans can introduce their own germs as well when dipping into hot tubs. According to Gerba, the average hot tub bather has around one tenth of one gram of feces inside his gluteal fold, or butt crack. So when there are five people in a hot tub, there one tablespoon of poop in there. He says that beyond it being gross, there is also a risk of diseases being transmitted if the levels of disinfectant are not safe.

Another thing to be concerned about is individuals urinating inside hot tubs (although it is hard to pinpoint exact numbers specifically for hot tubs, there was a poll where one out of five Americans admitted to peeing in swimming pools). Whenever urine, sweat and other waste mixes with chlorine, an irritant known as chloramine is created. This is what causes stinging, red eyes when you are swimming, says Hlavasa. Your respiratory tract can also be irritated. It’s very important that a hot tub not be used as a restroom. Chlroamines cause “chlorine smell.” This is a big red flag that the hot tub is contaminated.

Although many people do take a shower after going swimming, it is also important to bathe after being in a hot tub as well. Personal care products like sunscreen, makeup and lotion use up the water’s disinfectant, which makes it less effective when it comes to kill other bugs off. Gerba says, the disinfectant level drops right away when three people get into a hot tub. That’s why he says it’s better to have fewer people in a hot tub since this decreases how much disinfectant is needed.

So if you love hot tubs, what should you do?

Hlavsa recommends that you shouldn’t take any chances, and that you should purchase test strips at a pool supply store in your local area (she says 50 strips usually cost under $10). That way you’ll know before jumping in whether the water is safe or not. She says before you get in, just dip them in the water. The color of the pads change, and you can know what the disinfectant level is by the various colors. The water chemistry that the CDC recommends is: a pH of 7.2 to 7.8, bromine at 4-6 ppm (parts per million) and chlorine at 2-4 ppm. The hot tub’s temperature shouldn’t exceed 104 degrees F, there should be not odor and have smooth tiles. Don’t let water get into your mouth. The CDC has additional hot tub safety tips that you can review.

The Unknown Things About Business Cards

Business cards play a crucial role in marketing and networking, all in an effort to drum up business. Their use has become synonymous with contemporary professionalism. However, many people of do not put much thought into business cards are beyond their design. Once printed, the rest becomes history.

In this regard, taking some time to learn about what business cards mean, their history and other unknown facts would not be such a bad idea.

The Origin Of Business Cards

Business cards have been in existence for a very long time. They originated from China and were known as Meishi, which translates to visiting cards. Their use can be traced as far back as the 13th century. Their primary use was to announce a meeting. In this regard, they were used at the entrance of establishment in which a person sort a meeting. Just as it is with today’s business cards, they were designed in calligraphy that was beautifully done. One difference between this early business cards and contemporary business cards is that they were made of hand-made papers, which was very expensive and a preserve of the affluent in society. Therefore, Meishi were only used by the rich and noble in contemporary 13th century China.

In the same century, a form of business cards use emerged in Germany. Business cards made of wood cuttings started to be used. The cards featured the name of the bearer debossed or embossed on a piece of wood.

These two forms of documents formed the foundation of business card use.

The Spread Of ‘Business Cards’ In Europe

The use of business cards was restricted in Europe. Wide-spread use of business cards did not emerge until the 16th. The popularization of business cards can be credited to King Louis XIV. He initiated the use of trade cards that were used in France before spreading to the rest of Europe.

These trade cards were fairly detailed. On one side, they had the name of the cards bearer. On the other side of the card, the card had a map with directions to the place of residence or place of work of the card bearer.

However, trade cards had a more elaborate use beyond business purposes. They were also used for expressing condolences, providing a means of introduction and providing a means to announce one’s departure or arrival. In this regard, trade cards usually had particular initial that expressed the different purposes of a particular card. For instance, p.f was used to express a congratulatory messages, p.r was used to express gratitude, p.c expressed condolences, p.p was used in visiting cards in instances where you wanted to be introduced to someone, p.p.c was used to announce departure, p.f.N.A was used to send a message of Happy New Year. This was particularly popular in France.

“This multifaceted use of business cards does not exist today” explains purchasing recruitment specialist Dan Tidy. Conversely, there are cards that are created for the additional purposes that trade cards had.

Trade cards were also unique in that different card sizes were used for different genders. Trade cards used by men were 3-3.4 inches by 1.2-1.5 inches while those used by women were 2.75-3 inches by 2-2.75 inches. This meant that cards used by women were shorter and wider.

Trade Card Customs

Just as with every other aspect of life in classical eras, the use of trade cards was guided by a set of customs and mannerisms. The customs were mainly gender based.

Trade cards use was a mark of true gentlemen. Thus their use became rampant. The designs of the cards also advance tremendously due to advancement made in printing technology at the time.

A man was allowed to carry the cards in his pocket, but women were expected to carry them in a card case for tidiness purposes. When visiting, the visitor was expected to give a card at the door. The host would then be given the card to determine whether or not to let in.

If the visitor was a man, he was expected to leave a card with every lady in the room. However, folding the card showed that the card was for multiple uses by multiple members of one family.

Modern Era Of Business Card

Development in printing technology advanced and by 1900s the multiple roles played by trade cards were divided. The information that business cards bore was trimmed to what we have today. Personal cards were developed and contained addresses and telephone numbers. The etiquette involved in business cards giving became generally casual.

However, some countries such as Japan, Colombia, India and Korea have different business card etiquettes. For instance, it considered rude to study a business card for too long after being handed one. In India, business cards should only be handed with the right hand. In Japan, it is rude for you to fold a business card.

The next time you give a business cards or receive one, you will know how far along the concept of business cards has come along.

Taking Advantage of Your Positive Brand Equity

At first glance you might feel like brand equity is a complicated concept and a little bit hard to wrap your mind around and understand, but in reality the term is actually fairly simple and you won’t have to fear it once you really dig in and tackle it. This is a term that is common in advertising and marketing circles, but simply put it refers to the inherent value that comes from having a well-known and widely recognized brand name. This is based around the strongly supported belief that people are more likely to buy from someone will a famous brand versus an unknown brand. The level of recognition and response your brand generates, that’s your brand equity.

There are many different things that can affect the consumer market’s loyalty to your brands, though just a few of the most common are:

Brand Loyalty

  • Allows you to reduce marketing costs
  • Attracting new customers via awareness
  • Attracting new customers via social reassurance
  • Gives you time to strategize and respond to any new competitive threats

Awareness of Your Brand

  • A base to build off
  • Familiarity, which leads to loyalty and preference
  • Visibility to get your brand’s image out there and in the discussion
  • Signals your commitment to your customers’ needs

Brand Associations (this naturally will include quality perception)

How Can You Maximize Your Brand Quality?

Now that you see just how much brand quality can offer you and your products, the next obvious question that comes up is how you can actually maximize your brand quality so it’s working for you. There are a few things to consider when making a push to help out your brand quality.

Make Sure You Create Distinctive & Noticeable Assets

There’s no question that your best assets are your own products, and while you should take pride in what you produce you also need to be willing to step back and take an honest look to see whether or not what you’re offering is really “one of a kind” or if your product doesn’t really match the marketing hype that you put behind it. The honest truth is that with millions of different businesses out there, it’s hard to believe you’re the only one offering what you offer.

That’s not a bad thing. While others are fighting the nearly hopeless battle to be completely unique, you can focus on what really matters, and that’s being distinctive so you stand out from a crowd. A lot of people make hamburgers, but you know that means McDonald’s. The five colored rings mean the Olympics. A good brand instantly sticks out. They don’t do something 100% unique but they know how to be distinctive!

Being able to adapt and be distinctive means you won’t get into price wars because your brand equity will allow you to rely on loyal buyers for that steady stream of income. This gives you a huge advantage over your competitors and can even help you branch off into related areas with related products.

Don’t Be Afraid of Change

“To many companies, change is something to be feared and that’s why so many companies have failed when one brand or competitor has forged ahead” observes Matt Hoddey from communications consultancy Onecom. If your brand equity is good you can afford to make some mistakes as long as they are mistakes of ambition and not mistakes of sloth. In other words, moving forward will eventually give you something. Even bad products often make money and the company gets the feedback they need to change, adjust, and be all the stronger on top of the market. That’s the type of attitude you need to hit that rare home run in business that builds positive brand equity.

An Insightful Overview on The History and Importance of Business Cards

Apparently, business cards are one of the most important tools that business professional can have at their disposal. However, nowadays, business cards are so wide-spread that some people give them out with no formality or significance, serving nothing more than a universally acknowledged way of exchanging to exchange contact information. Many people have given much thought to those small rectangular cards that they give out at networking events. Fortunately, this article provides you with an insightful overview of business cards including their history and what makes them such indispensable business tool.

They have been Around for Ages

Surprisingly, business cards have been around in one form or another since the 1400’s. The Origin of business cards can be traced in China, where they were known as ‘visiting cards’ or Meishi. They were usually used as a calling card to announce a meeting with another person. However, these cards were only used by the upper class. During those time, meishi were handmade paper that were beautifully decorated with calligraphy. The cards were mostly handed out at an establishment entrance as criteria for the owner to know whether the bearer of the cards is worthy of a meeting. Apart from China, business cards were also found in Germany in the form of wood cutting with the name of the bearer carved or printed on them.

They are Faintly Related to Greeting Cards

It was until the 1600’s that the business cards found their way to Europe. They were introduced by King Louis XIV. At that time, business cards were referred to as a ‘trade card.’ The trade cards were mostly well-designed, with one of their sides having a map that would direct the receiver to the bearer’s home or workplace. The trade cards were not only used as for business purposes but also as a means of introduction, to give notice of an arrival or departure or even to express condolence. Allegedly, and rather interestingly, women’s business cards were always shorter and wider compared to the men’s business cards. In order to make sure that the trade card met its purpose effectively, the bearer would write a set of initials on the cards. The initials would express the reason for leaving the card. This trend was mostly practiced in France. Some of the popular initials used include: p. f for Congratulations, p. r for expressing gratitude, p. c for expressing condolence, p. f. N. A for Happy New Year, and p. p. c for taking your leave.

Due to their exceptionality, trade cards soon became a sign of high standing. By the 1700’s they had graduated to a unique mark of a gentleman. As the transformative fingers of time and technology continued to galvanize progress, advancement in the printing led to trade card becoming more well-designed and arrestingly stylish and flamboyant. Gentlemen would usually carry their cards loose in their pockets. When people visited someone’s house, they were expected to leave their cards with the house servant. The servant would then deliver the card to the host or hostess, who would then decide if the bearer will be permitted in the house. If the card was folded in half, this was a signal that the card stood for multiple members of the same family.

By 1900’s, their Use Was Divided

By 1900’s the lithographic printing process had already taken shape. By then, there were new innovative ways of printing and displaying calling cards. Calling cards for business were similar to the modern business cards when it come to the information they had. There were also personal cards, which only contained names and addresses. The development of letterpress also saw cropping up of a wide variety of cards that were printed on different materials.

However, regardless the formality of business cards seems to be fading away into oblivion, some countries still hold business cards in high esteem. A quintessential example would be in Japan, where it is regarded as extremely rude to fold or write on another person’s business card. When giving out your business card in Japan, it is regarded as a sign of respect to give the card with two hands. Additionally, it is also a sign of respect to bow and introduce your name, company, and title when giving out your own card in Japan.

Another good example of a country that reveres business cards is Korea. Apparently, in Korea, it is considered rude to study at a business card for too long after receiving it. Instead, you should put it away quickly. In India, you are required only to present your card with your right hand. In Colombia, it is expected that you give out your card when you are holding on one of its corners using your thumb and flex finger.

In order to find out more about business cards printing, contact HR Heads at their business recruitment office in Winchester, Hampshire.

Ten Facts That Will Make You Think About Paper In A New Way

Every single day, people jot notes down, pick up a newspaper, or read a book and never bother to think about the paper that they are using. The pages that hold our shopping lists, our scribbled thoughts, and our notes are stacked on desks and stored in folders, but those pages actually hold more secrets than you realize. If you thought you knew everything there was to know about this ubiquitous stuff, think again. Here are paper facts that might surprise you.

1. Mankind has been using paper for a very long time

In fact, it is likely older than you realize. It is thought that paper was first made more than 2000 years ago in China. In order to replace other older methods of storing information, Cai Lun, who lived at the court of than Han dynasty, first invented it. Materials such as animal skin and papyrus were used to write on previously.

2. Paper holds a spot in the Guinness Book of World Records

The world’s largest sheet of paper was made in 2009 by the Japanese companies Kazuki Maeda and Masaki Takahashi. They did it to elevate the paper from its humble position to stardom.

3. Paper airplanes win records

Paper airplanes are standard school fair. At some point, every child makes at least one of them. However, even though they were likely discouraged from doing so, some students went on to excel at constructing these light-weight flying machines. The record for the longest flight by a paper airplane is currently held by Joe Ayoob. He set the record in 2012 by using John Collins’ custom paper airplane design. His plane flew 6 meters further than the existing record of 63,19 meters.

4. A lot of paper comes from a single tree

The majority of paper in the world today comes from wood. It’s hard to tell how many standard sheets of paper can come from a single tree since trees come in so many different sizes. While there have been a few studies done on the subject, the current best estimate is that more than 80,000 sheets of photocopier paper can be produced from just a single pine tree.

5. We go through a lot of paper

Every single day, we use a awful lot of paper. In fact, every year a single office worker uses 10,000 sheets of the stuff. When you start thinking about how many offices there are, you realize that we need a lot of paper every day.

6. Paper size is important

Paper comes in different standard sizes throughout the world. A paper size developed in the 1920s in Germany is commonly used in the UK. It quickly spread throughout the world and is known as the A-series. Interestingly, this standard size was never adopted in the US. Instead, they use paper that is ‘letter’ sized, instead.

7. There is a limit on how many times a single piece of paper can be folded

It does not matter what size the piece of paper is. Even the largest sheet in the world has a limit to the number of times that it can be folded. It simply gets stronger and thicker every time that it is folded. For years, seven was the most times that a page was folded. That changed when a student proved that it was possible to keep folding papers in half eleven times. However, in 2012, another student team managed to push that number up to 13.

8. Wood is not the only raw material that paper can be made from

When Cai Lun made the first piece of paper, he used scraps of hemp and cloth. In fact, there are still hybrid types of paper available. A case in point is the money that is regularly used to shop and buy. It is more durable than paper that is commonly used since it is made with cotton fiber.

9. Paper is considered to be a form of art

While folding paper contains many mathematical elements, the practice is elevated to an art form in Origami. Around since the 17th century, this Japanese tradition uses simple folds to create complex and intricate forms. In Japanese, ori means fold while kami means paper.

10. Recycling paper saves more than trees

“In fact, when compared to new paper, recycled paper produces 73% less air pollution and saves 7,000 gallons of water.” says Sam Smith from HR Heads, who recycle all their recruitment office paper.

Fathers And Sons Of The Spanish League

You know the last names, but you may not know that some of the guys out there are sons of some famous Spanish league ballers. Four father-son pairings that have played the field, not at the same time, are honored and explored herein.

Jordi And Johann Cruyff

Sometimes a name is all you share with your father, and perhaps the ability to make it into professional league status. Beyond that, here we have a father who was a dynamo, and a son who, born to any other family, would himself be honored for his accomplishments, is overshadowed here in some ways. Jordi made it to 41 games for Barcelona in the 1990s. His father, Johann Cruyff is not only a household name but a legend for Barca. He even achieved great status when he went on to head the club as one of its managers. Even still, Jordi Cruyff is honorable by name as in the patron saint, Saint Jordi, of Catalonia.

Manuel Sanchis Hontiyuelo And Manuel Sanchis Martinez

Madrid’s household name Manuel Sanchis was a great during a high-flying time in the 1960s for the Real Madrid dynasty. The senior Manuel Sanchis won the European Cup in 1966, helping them win the European Crown and many domestic titles. He also won an impressive 11 caps for Spain. Of course, he was at the 1966 World Cup Finals over in England. It was the one and actually only time he scored an international goal during his career.

His son, Manuel Sanchis, played for Bernabeu with Real Madrid and as a superb star player, surpassed his father’s impressive accomplishments to amass an astounding 700 appearances for the club. In addition, junior made an impressive international representation in the World Cup and even at the European Championship. He was a 1998 member of the European Cup-winning Real team that made repeat appearance in 2000. Both Manuel Sanchis’s are only one of three father-son combinations to have held that prestigious trophy.

Sergio And Carles Busquets

While known mostly as the backup goalkeeper to Andoni Zubizarreta Carles, he managed 79 appearances for Barcelona in the 1990s. This encompassed a play with the sticks in 1991’s European Cup Final with a 2-1 loss against Manchester United. He had to sit out the highly contended following year European Cup Final victory. Fortunately, the deserving Busquets was afforded a winner’s medal for his play during that season. Sergio, the younger of the father-son pairing, claimed three Champions league medals. He is, to this day, a go-to standard midfield for the golden era team at Camp Nou. Busquets junior’s star ascends beyond his father’s impressive moves in the football arena with. The junior Busquet has a seriously impressive litany of club and international honors.

Xabi And Miguel Alonso

Miguel Alonso is a legend in Basque country as an accomplished midfielder for the great team, Real Sociedad in the 1970s and 1980s. He played 154 matches for Sociedad from 1997 to 1982 getting two league championships. Alonso had the honor and did Spain justice in its home-field World Cup in 1982 before returning to his home club in Barcelona.

Xabi joined the ranks like his father at the midfield from Sociedad before making a very high-profile transfer to Liverpool for the 2004-2005 season. He scored a goal in the Champions League Final as Liverpool to overcome a 3-0 deficit to win against AC Milan. Alonso then made another great move, this time to Real Madrid, where he won a league title and the second Champions League. He has always played a big role in his contributions, whether it was a championship game or regular league play. He has had a foot in contributing to Spain winning back to back European Crowns and even the 2010 World Cup.

Empowered Decision Making: Human Instinctive Decission Making Vs The Rule Book

How many remember the scene in the 80’s movie Top Gun, where Mavericks’ flying career as a US Pilot fighter is extremely jeopardized when he gets disciplined for making instinctive decisions which goes against major protocol?

Whether you think that his actions were genius or irresponsible, the question whether we should always stick to the manual or we should break the rules when we have no choice still remains. After all, most of the best solutions are attained when people are made to use their own judgement when making critical decisions.

“When I was young, I recall taking part in sports day.” recalls Karl Cheshire from Hampshire based Lascom Communications. “It was a rather hot afternoon with temperatures hitting 28 degrees. We were all perspiring and bright red yet we were not allowed to run in and drink out if the taps because it was prohibited. Due to these conditions, one of my friends ended up having a heat stroke. The parents were all mad and it could have been avoided if the teacher in charge felt confident enough to use common sense in such a situation. This might not be a board level but it proves the point (at least)”

On the business side, HR Directors as well as other senior leaders are often nominated due to their experience, credibility and confidence to make hard decisions that will benefit not just the department or a specific team, but the entire business. This kind of a huge picture and strategic thinking is what separates them from the rest and it is barely achieved by perusing through a rule book.

That being said, it is not just the bigger issues in a company that require a nice dose of human instinct. Many people have experienced times where their team members had to go through some things that would affect even their workplaces. It could be anything from bereavement to cancer and while the rule book may have harsh guidelines as to how things should be handled, a good leader will use their judgement to decide whether the rules are ideal in any of the situations.

Yes, organizations need to have guidelines and policies to run, especially around things like harassment, discrimination and data protection but if we concentrate too much on rule book, then we run the risk of losing good human potential.

The late Apple CEO, Steve Jobs summed it all up with the quote “ innovation is what shows the difference between a leader and a follower. Steve Jobs had more than just a hand when he helped Apple turn to the world’s worlds’ first $700 billion dollar company. This means that his thoughts on leadership are indeed worth considering.

As for Top Gun’s character Maverick, his decision was quite reckless and seen as a far cry from the actions one would expect from an experienced HR Director. However, we still admire his passion and talent. So, how does your company make a balance between instinct decision making and following the set rules?

What to Consider When Choosing A Wedding Hair Style For Your Face

Planning for a wedding outlook is sometimes a difficult task since there are a number of things and decisions that are difficult make but which must be considered. Some of the things you must consider include how your dress will look like, the makeup style you want, your hair style and many more.

The hair style you choose to use on the big day should be stylish and must suit your face. It is important to flatter your figure and choose a style that works best for you. Ideally, there will need for the bride to choose a style that is trendy can flatter her figure. If the trends dictate that the bride should wear an up do, it may be difficult to wear such a style since you may feel uncomfortable in it. Remember, the style you choose should make you feel beautiful on this big day. Finding a style that suits your face is one of the things you must take care of to make the most of your wedding photographs, and keep the photographer happy. This article looks at some of the tips that can help your hairstyle suit your face shape.

The first thing you need to do is to identify the shape of your face. It is the easiest thing to do and will greatly determine how your hair style and face will look like. After this, you should try out a few styles suggested below.


This is a wider face where the jaw and the forehead have the same width. The face could have a round chin. If you have this kind of a style, petro curls, big loose curls and side swept styles are ideal and could help to give your face some recommended width. In addition, you should wear dangling earrings and voluminous hair style.


Anyone with a diamond shaped face has a long and a narrow face. Such a person must also have wide cheek borne and a pointed chin. If you have this type of a face, the best style for you is a slicked back hairstyle. Avoid the hair style that touches the face since lots of hair can make the diamond face to look narrow with lots of hair. The best thing you should do in this case is to try and push the hair back or let it curl and spin back the fringe. If you have the diamond shaped face, you can choose diamond shaped face styles, use light off centre bangs, ponytails, deep side parting and up-do.


Generally, a square face may have a solid shape, a broad forehead, and an angular jaw line. If you choose an up-do style, ensure that you go for something that is loose. Alternatively, you may use curls that have a loose section around your face. Remember that long hairstyles are always flattering and can look cute if worn straight. If you can, you can choose to use a long hairstyle that is less flattering. Alternatively, a line haircut which is long and reaches your chin can be ideal for you. You can play down the sharp corners by wearing a low hanging hairstyle but you must ensure that you accent the right areas.


This is a face that is generally even, long and wide. The face has a circular appearance around its chin. If you want to make the face look nice, you can use high ponytails or loose hairstyle as well as bangs. Alternatively you can choose a half up half down styles and crowns


This type of a face is narrow at the jaw line but is much fuller at the top of the face. It has a wide cheekbone and forehead. The best way you can flatter this face is to avoid putting a lot of height into the crown of the head or pulling the hair back. If you do this it will lead to a diminished jaw and a pointed chin. The most suitable styles for this are curls and fishtail braids. These styles will accentuate your beauty and make you look glamorous.


An oblong face has a narrow shape that has a point chin and a straight jaw line. This kind of a face requires a classic tight curls, deep side parted, and super straight styles to makes the oblong face look oval.

Alternatively, you can choose a long layered bang at the front of the face to help soften the face and remove some volume from it.

Pear /Triangular

A triangular face is normally heavy and comes with a narrow forehead, cheekbones, a square chin and a wide jaw. Such a face requires a half down and a half style. The styles could be curled or waved and will widen the jaw line looks. In this case, cutting the layers and opting for a centre parting could be a good idea.

The Craziest Stag Do Tales: 5 Unbelievable Male Getaways

Stag dos are known to get a little wild and crazy. After all, when you get a bunch of men together, you never know what is going to happen as they attempt to have a good time together. With The Wedding Ringer coming out, a movie with Josh Gad and Kevin Hart, we thought it was time to talk about some of the craziest stag do tales ever told. Hang on for a wild ride!

Alex Tulloch

In 2012, Alex Tulloch proposed and decided that he wanted Ben Goldsmith to be his best man. Goldsmith has a lot of money, and with those funds, he was able to trick his buddy in a way the rest of us could never do. The guys all went out together for Tulloch’s stag do, but when the groom and a few of his friends got back to the hotel, the LAPD arrived. In the early morning hours, the police took them to jail without really explaining why, although the guys were told that it was a big deal and they would be incarcerated for a while. They also told Tulloch that he would miss his wedding.

After getting to the headquarters, the three men had to sit through several hours of interrogations. Finally, the other members of the stag do event came into the room, laughing hysterically. They’d seen the entire interrogation through the two-way mirror! Goldsmith’s connection with an entertainment company made the entire joke possible. Tulloch, however, was not amused, even after he’d had time to cool off.

Michael Ireland

It is not unusual to go to a strip club as part of the stag do experience. Michael Ireland, however, did not have as much fun as the majority of grooms that visit these places. A stripper’s foot made contact with his head, which left him with double vision for the rest of his life. He eventually got a payout of $650,000 because of the incident, which took place in 2008.

Bradley and Craig Barnett

In 2011, Bradley and Craig Barnett visited Bournemouth for their buddy’s stag do. Rather than packing a bag with clothing and other items they would need, they chose to bring six real chickens to the event. Once the groom was out of the room for the evening, they took the chickens and left them in there to go out with their friends. After the festivities were over, things really got interesting.

When morning rolled around, the chickens had done substantial damage. They moved from the room to the car park, where a fox got a hold of two of them. Two more disappeared completely, while the last two were completely worked up and out of control. Animal protection came after the Barnett brothers, and they eventually had to pay quite a bit of money in fines and other fees.

Celina Complaint

Most women want nothing to do with a stag do abroad. However, Celina decided that was not going to be the case on her betrothed’s special night. Her beloved lived it up at Treacys Hotel, and she was not happy with what happened while he was there. She decided it would be a good idea to go on Facebook to air her complaints.

In part, she said that her partner, who she had been with for ten years, went to Waterford with more than 15 of his friends. They paid quite a bit of money ahead of the event, and when they got there, they each also had to come up with some money for a deposit. They believed they were supposed to have a package deal, which included breakfast and alcohol. However, not only were they gypped in that department, they also did not get their deposits back when they left the hotel.

Celina felt the hotel was not legitimate, simply trying to get as much money as they could. She stated that she was going to spread the word about what happened so that others would not be taken advantage of either. She felt the men paid a lot of money, only to be taken advantage of in the end.

However, the hotel heard about her complaints and issued a reply; Celina won’t be too happy when her love finally gets back.

Dress Up Time

Nearly six years ago, several men (who ranged from teenagers to senior citizens) got into a bit of trouble in Malia. They decided to dress up as nuns and then give others a full moon! They lucked out however; the men were all released when their court date came. There were no witnesses willing to testify that what they did offend them.

The Best Stag Dos To Experience (If You Had The Cash)

It’s undeniable that one of the primary considerations one makes when organising an unforgettable stag do is the cost. A quality stag do can be expensive, and considering that the majority of weddings generally happen around the same time, and if the best man responsibilities arrive later in the day, it is possible that your friends have already spent the majority of their spare money on Tony’s three-day stag do in Barcelona.

However, if you imagine that cash flow is hypothetically not a problem you could organise the most lavish stag do ever! If this were the case, where would you head to? What would you plan on doing? In this imaginary situation you will be free to spend as much as you want! This article provides information on some of the best ‘If You Had The Cash’ stag dos.

1. The ‘Rockstar On Tour’ Do

When I talk about a ‘rockstar stag do’, I’m not referring to the little bands making a tiny tour that no-one really knows about. Oh no, this is the super ROCKSTAR gig! We’re talking Bon Jovi, Ozzy Osbourne, Michael Buble rockstar! Okay, maybe not Michael Buble.

The ‘rockstar on tour’ stag do will begin with a private jet and then piling into a quality limousine at Heathrow Airport. Upon leaving Heathrow, you will bound into the first class seating area of an airplane and probably play more than a few drinking games during the five hour flight to New York. Upon landing in New York you will be chauffeured off to the backstage area of Madison Square Gardens and ushered into the V.I.P. lounge where you can feast on top quality food and gads of booze.

Plus, you must not forget that the entire group has an all-access pass to The Killers concert. This means you can watch the show from your backstage area and become merrier than ever with ‘Mr. Brightside‘ playing in the background, by a live band!

Once the concert has ended, you will be sent off to one of the top hotels in Manhattan to join the band’s after party. A V.I.P. experience from head to toe never to be forgotten.

2. The ‘Lord Of The Manor’ Do

It’s said that class can’t be bought, but this stag do may prove that wrong. At the ‘Lord Of The Manor’ stag do the group will find themselves staying in an enormous country manor house for the weekend. This stag do is calling all the shots with servants, high quality wine and a uniform of only the best quality clothing for the sophisticated gentleman. Instead of dull, dreary, every day weekend events, your days at the manor will be spent shooting pheasant, eating fine caviar, drinking excellent Dom Perignon and smoking cultured Cuban cigars.

Of course, there is the option of a stripper, but she must be the contemporary sort who wears a corset (and possibly a petticoat) instead of a bra and thong. In addition to all this refinement, you should expect to wake on Sunday wearing a suit of armour with a wad of fifties protruding from the back pocket.

3. The ‘Brewster Millions’ Do

Have you ever seen the novelty 1980’s film where the protagonist is required to spend thirty million dollars in one month? This is the style of stag do that you will be organising. While you may not be hopping on an international flight whisking you far from home, this stag do will still ‘splash the cash’. Based in a top of the range hotel in Mayfair, the groom-to-be faces the challenge of spending twenty thousand in two days.

Plus, as in the film, he is not permitted to give the money away but has to spend it legitimately. He will have targets to meet and particular items to locate during this weekend, and if he doesn’t meet any of the criteria he will be faced with drinking punishments. Prepare for a stag do filled with fast cars, high stakes gambling and a plethora of strippers.